Puppies are energetic, cute, and playful but they, like children, need to learn proper manners.
As we have become their parent role model, it is up to us to make sure they learn polite behaviour. If we don’t teach puppies proper manners, then we run the risk of dealing with an out-of-control adolescent that may be too big to handle.
Training should be a daily, on-going exercise. It doesn’t have to be a big deal or overwhelming it can be a habit that you do with your puppy regularly.
For example: If your puppy is excited and jumping up then you should not reward them with either attention or treats. Ignore them until they are sitting nicely then praise them.
If they cannot contain their excited behaviour, you may need to leave the area until they settle down. Do not reward them by giving them attention even if it’s to correct their behaviour.
If your puppy is overexcited, then putting a training leash on them is a good tool. Anticipate when they are ready to jump up then step on the leash to prevent the jump. (not too close to their collar as you don’t want to choke them, you just want to prevent the jump). Do this until they sit. Once they sit, reward with praise or a training treat.
Training smaller dogs to not jump up is critical. They tend to get a free pass because they are small but it is equally important for them to learn their manners.
It is also not recommended to address negative behaviour with negative consequences as it breaks the trust and bond with our pet and usually is only a quick fix, not a long-term solution.
If you are consistent then it doesn’t take long for a puppy to learn that, good things only happen with the desired behaviour and bad behaviour never gets rewarded.
Puppies use their teeth regularly as it is their way of exploring and learning. They need to be taught what is an acceptable use of their mouth and what is not tolerated. If your puppy is biting your hands then replace your hands with their favourite appropriate chew toy. (ask your local pet retail expert to help you find an acceptable chew toy/bone for your puppies age group). Always remember that puppies need to have proper chewing toys/bones to help them through teething, oral and dental care, and to give them mental stimulation.
If they still prefer your hands, then remove your hands, your legs or yourself from them until they settle down. If they continue to try and bite, then make a high-pitched yelp to get their attention and stop playing or interacting with your pup. This is how normally puppies learn to play with each other. This is an easy positive way to teach your puppy bite inhibition.
You need to stop your puppy roughhousing before they get overstimulated. It is easier to put the brakes on when they are still listening and focussed then to try and calm them down after they are out of control.
Teaching bite inhibition is essential at the early puppy stage. If you leave this lesson too long, then you will have an adult dog who was never taught manners and probably a big training expense as well.
Enjoy your puppy but do the right thing and teach them proper manners when they are young.